Coastal areas and seas

Argentina has 4,665 kilometres (2,899 mi) of coastline.The continental platform is unusually wide; this shallow area of the Atlantic Ocean is called Mar Argentino. The Argentine Atlantic coast has been a favorite among local vacationers for over a hundred years. The waters are rich in fisheries and suspected of holding important hydrocarbon energy resources. Argentina’s coastline varies between areas of sand dunes and cliffs. The two major ocean currents affecting the coast are the warm Brazil Current and the cold Falkland Current. Because of the unevenness of the coastal landmass, the two currents alternate in their influence on climate and do not allow temperatures to fall evenly with higher latitude. The southern coast of Tierra del Fuego forms the north shore of the Drake Passage.

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Córdoba

argentina-flightsCórdoba is a province of Argentina, located in the center of the country. Its capital, Córdoba, is the second largest city in the country.

Neighboring provinces are (clockwise from the north): Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Buenos Aires, La Pampa, San Luis, La Rioja and Catamarca.

Together with Santa Fe and Entre Ríos, the province is part of the economico-political association known as the Center Region.

La Pampa

La Pampa is a province of Argentina, located in Pampasach in the center of the country. Neighboring provinces in the north and then clockwise to San Luis, Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Río Negro, Neuquén and Mendoza. Main river to Río Negro (province) and Salado (Salt River). The breeding of cattle is the most important division of the province, from 3 632 684 (2002) units. Other livestock to 202 428 sheep, 140 498 goats and 64 118 pigs.

Holidays

Though holidays of many faiths are respected, public holidays usually include most Catholic holidays. Historic holidays include the celebration of the May Revolution (25 May), the Independence Day (9 July), National Flag Day (20 June) and the death of José de San Martín (17 August).

The extended family gathers on Christmas Eve at around 9 p.m. for dinner, music, and often dancing. Candies are served just before midnight, when the fireworks begin. They also open gifts from Papá Noel (Father Christmas or “Santa Claus”). New Year’s Day is also marked with fireworks. Other holidays include Good Friday, Easter, Labor Day (1 May) and Sovereignty Day (formerly Malvinas Day, 2 April).

The legislation

Cases of violations and violations of Argentina may be fined or punished with deprivation of liberty. Particularly severe penalties are weighted in prison for crimes related to drug trafficking and smuggling. Argentina is currently one of the main routes of smuggling drugs from Ecuador, Colombia and Peru to Europe. For drug smuggling is punishable by very severe penalties in prison. It is vital to refrain from accepting items or bags from strangers.

Background

In Patagonia awaits the visitor a wide, rugged escarpment with unspoiled landscape, diverse nature. Glaciers, canyons, to the Alps-like mountain areas, bizarre volcanoes and a constant wind blows give this region a special character.

A visit to this region is still an adventure. The region is very sparsely populated – at a square kilometer is still less than a man. In many places it is on its own, the best course terrain vehicle dependent.

The coastal towns and river valleys have some in the 20th Century contrast, is undergoing a rapid boom, with a high population growth. This was one of the growing importance of oil production in Zentralpatagonien, and of agriculture in the irrigated river valleys of Rio Negro and Chubut River. But lately, it was mainly the prospect of tourism to the region this development brought. The example of the small town of El Calafate, near the famous Los Glaciares National Park confirmed, in 1990 slightly more than 2,000 residents had and today has grown to 18,000. Especially the economic crisis in 2001-2002, in which one of the few chances to escape unemployment hope for big business with foreign tourists had pushed many young people in this area, many of whom also success with its hotels and travel agencies had.

Politics of Argentina

Politics of Argentina takes place in a framework of a federal presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Argentina is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system.

Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament. The Judiciary is, in theory, independent of the executive and the legislature.